The Bialowieża National Park is located the central part of the Bialowieza Forest. It is the oldest national park in Poland. It is designated by UNESCO a world Biosphere Reserve and it is the only Polish natural object enlisted by UNESCO as World Cultural and Natural Heritage. It protects the last natural forest on European Plain, it has been preserved in a natural state just like the one, that used to grow in the area of deciduous and mixed forests centuries ago. The old, original tree stands of the Białowieża National Park are characterized by an abundance of dead wood in various stages of decay and the presence of species typical to natural forests. Among these almost exclusively forest areas multi-species forests are dominating, there are mainly: oaks, hornbeams and lindens. Swampy river and watercourses valleys are occupied by alder-ash riparian forest. In the depressions swampy alder forests are growing. There are also mixed forests with spruce, and in small peat land areas there are swampy forests.
There are a lot of species of animals and their number is estimated at more than 10 000. There is the biggest land mammal in Europe – the European bison, which is a symbol of the park, as well as deer, roe deer, wild boars, elks, lynxes, wolves, foxes, raccoon dogs, stoats, martens, weasels and many other. Among the rare species of birds there are: crane, black stork, grouse and lesser spotted eagle.
Equally rich is the flora of the park with more than 3500 species of plants. Among the protected species, there are 12 species of orchids, Turk’s cap lily, columbine common, Siberian iris, as well as relict species: a type of willow , saxifrage peat and others.
In the Bialowieza National Park there are attractive hiking trails designated for tourists, where accompanied by guides you will take attractive excursions on foot, by bike, on a horseback, and in winter on skis. Worth seeing are preserved burial mounds from the Middle Ages, traces of charcoal piles and trees with traces of beehives. Visiting the oldest part of the park – Protective Hwoźna District Orłówka takes place only under the supervision of a guide. In the Park there is also worth visiting the Museum of Nature and Forest, and extremely attractive for tourists Bison Reserve, where you can see bison, żubronie, tarpan horses and several other species of forest mammals.
The advantage of hiking trails in Bialowieza is a well-developed tourist infrastructure – numerous rest areas, forest railway museum, observation deck, observation tower, footbridges and educational boards.
For tourists who appreciate peace and harmony of the nature during their tourist trips, Bialowieza Forest is a land that will enchant you. The guides will introduce to all tourists this exceptional value in terms of nature of the area and will show the beauty and uniqueness of Białowieża.
All who wish to have a contact with wild nature, should definitely put the Białowieża National Park on their tourist maps. Bialowieza Forest region is abundant with a number of tourist attractions. Starting with an attractive nature and its values, and ending with the regional architecture and folklore.
Qualified guides will show you all the splendour of natural beauty of the Bialowieza National Park, which will give every tourist an unforgettable experience and what makes it one of the biggest tourist attractions in Europe.