The Tatra National Park is located in the southern part of Poland, in the province Nowosądeckie, on the border with Slovakia. It is the most frequently visited national park. It is characterized by a unique landscape of high mountains. The park borders the national park in Slovakia (TANAP) together with which it makes an International Biosphere Reserve created in 1992 by UNESCO. It includes the youngest, the highest and the only alpine type mountains in Poland, which are characterized by varied land forms.
In the park there are numerous streams and about 30 lakes called „ponds”. They are an important element of the landscape of the High Tatras. The largest lakes, ponds are MorskieOko and WielkiStawPolski ( Great Polish Pond). Lakes in Tatra mountains have very poor biological life and the extraordinary clearness of the water. In the Tatras there are also karst springs and waterfalls. The biggest attraction is Mickiewicz Wodogrzmoty.
Vegetation has a typical altitudinal zonation, and the flora of the park is the richest of all the Polish national parks. The peculiarities of faunal park include chamois and marmot, brown bear and several species of birds, including the golden eagle, falcons, wallcreeper and Alpine accentor. In the higher parts of the forest there are nests of western capercaillie, black grouse and hazel grouse .In the forests there are also numerous deer, roe deer and small rodents.
Material culture of the Tatras is as important as the nature element of the Tatra National Park. It is characterized by its distinctiveness and it is widely cultivated. The past lives in great tales, numerous huts, chapels and churches. At the turn of the XIX-ties century there appeared a distinct Tatra architectural style in this area. It is only here where the beauty of nature so harmoniously intertwines with the mountain folklore present in dialect, dress, music and architecture. For any tourist a trip to the Tatra Mountains leaves in the mind the local flavour of traditional cheeses: Bundz, oscypek, bryndza or żentyca – a delicious and refreshing drink made from sheep’s milk. The distinctive highland blaring music is a characteristic feature of the local folklore.
Due to the high natural values and the multitude of tourist attractions, it is worth to take advantage of the help and expertise of qualified guides during tours in the park.
In the Tatra Mountains the starting point can be virtually any city in the foot of the Tatra Mountains: Zakopane, Witów, Kościelisko, Poronin, MałeCiche, Murzasichle, BukowinaTatrzańska. Everywhere we can find very good accommodation, excellent catering, convenient transport and skiing infrastructure.
In the park there are many attractive hiking trails of varied difficulty, but they are available for hikers only, and the presence of numerous and hospitable shelters increases the attractiveness of the routes.
The guides will help you in choosing the location, type and degree of difficulty of hiking, mountaineering and caving as well as skiing. They will lead you along hiking trails, which are both typical walking paths and trails for the hardy tourists.
During the tour you can admire the numerous streams and about 30 lakes. They represent important advantage of the natural landscape of the park. There are six caves available for visitors , and a specific area of the park is made available for mountaineers conquering rock walls. For those who want to know the Tatra caves, the guides will organize an excursion during which you can visitMroźna cave, Raptawicka cave, Mylna and SmoczaJama(Dragon’s Den) in the Kraków Canyon.
An important element of the tourist infrastructure of the park is open all year round: the cableway from Kuźnice to Kasprowy, 2 chair lifts in the Goryczkowa Valley and Kocioł Gasienicowy where slopes for skiers were set. At the edge of the park – nearby Krokwia, there is a complex of ski jumping hills, cross-country trails and skating course and a slalom course along with cable and t-barski lift on Nosal. For ski touring a few dozen kilometres of routes were set.
The Tatra guides will guide and show lovers of monuments the remains of the old mining and metallurgy in Kuźnice, Koscieliska Valley and the Chochołowska Valley, shelters, hostels and sacred objects.
The Tatra Mountains delight its alpine nature, steep peaks and a huge variety of landscapes. No wonder, then, that they always had crowds of supporters. At any time of the year, they can satisfy experienced climbers, enthusiasts of extraordinary wildlife, supporters of active tourism and winter sports enthusiasts as well as the lovers of family vacations.